Beginning in August, 2017, there are changes coming to US Youth Soccer…
Recently, the United States Soccer Federation (USSF) announced changes to encourage youth soccer development. You can read the official press release here.
The two key changes are as follows:
- Will now be aligned with the calendar year (January to December) rather than school year.
- The example given is that “a U15 player (players 15 years old or younger) would have a birth year of 2000 for the 2015 registration year.”
- This applies to all age groups and is being done to combat the “relative age effect” which has been shown to give competitive advantage to players who are physically older than their peers.
Number of players and size of the field
- The field dimensions for players in the U6-U12 age groups will be smaller than they are currently, as will the number of players on the field.
- The size of the field and the number of players on the field will increase from 4v4 to 7v7 to 9v9 until players reach U13 when they will play 11v11.
In this post, I will focus on the second change – that of smaller fields and fewer numbers on the field.
This doesn’t mean fewer players get to play; on the contrary, now a coach can set up 2 games happening simultaneously to get more players more touches on the ball.
Click here for the USSF analysis of why small-side match standards will benefit players. In short, though:
- Fewer players on the field means more touches on the ball and increased touches translates to more individual skill.
- Players who are more skilled may become more confident and comfortable when in possession of the ball.
- The ratio of players to field size is designed to assist players with making the right kind of decisions and improving awareness.
- This approach builds on itself as players get older and start playing with more players on bigger fields.
- And as players get older, the building block approach also allows them to better integrate into a team model where they develop partnerships with the other players that make up the team.
Why this might be a great idea
Manchester United recently completed a study of playing 4v4 rather than 8v8 in youth soccer. The results are staggering and have profound implications for youth soccer coaches.
On Average 4v4 versus 8v8 had:
- 135% more passes
- 260% more Scoring Attempts
- 500% more Goals Scored
- 225% more 1v1 Encounters
- 280% more Dribbling Skills (tricks)